The major difference between USA and Canada of a political nature. Perhaps it is more politically correct to say that the major difference is political involvement? Besides geographic and climate differences, and differences in predominant languages, there is a strong difference in world interaction.
Some may see this as a good thing, while others interpret it as a bad thing. Geographic and climate differences are rather obvious. There is more cold arctic air in Canada, and the US has portions that extend close enough to the equator to be considered subtropical. This is also the reason for difference in national pastimes, as winter sports are more traditional in Canada.
Canada also has regions with people who speak predominantly French, while the US has areas of inhabitants who speak predominantly Spanish. Both countries have areas where immigrants from all over the world have settled, creating their own subculture within the culture.
Canada has abolished the death penalty for all crimes, including capital offences. The United States has a state by state allocution, that allows each individual state to make its own determination about the death penalty. Canada also allows for legal gay marriages, while this is considered a state by state issue in the United States.
Abroad, Canada has more of a voice than most people believe. However, the United States takes on a stronger political position, and has an increased vested interest in foreign affairs.
Canada is willing to get involved in political maneuvers only when it is necessary. They tend to do so quietly, and are less intermingled with ongoing political problems throughout the world than the United States. This makes the country more autonomous, and able to stay much more neutral when it comes to difficult political issues and the responding actions.
Both countries are held to a high standard, and both countries have their own benefits. Each country operates on a voting system for political power, albeit there are major differences in each system. There is a political check and balance system in play for both countries. Quebec has the highest number of common law unions than in the other provinces and throughout Canada common Law unions have quadrupled over the past three decades.
The Canadian family has changed during the last thirty years with a trend towards smaller households and an increase in single parents.
In same sex marriage became legal giving couples the same rights in marriage and common law unions. This has led towards greater domestic equality with more men taking part in household chores, childcare and the preparation of meals.
A geographically vast country, Canada has enormous regional differences including ethnic diversity which complicates a coherent sense of the social stratification. In the central provinces, economic development and wealth is reflected in higher incomes and greater class equality.
In these regions class division is further reflected in less educational inclusion with many leaving school before the completion of secondary education.
Whilst there is no recognised exclusion relating to gender in the workplace, the process of equality moves slowly and some bias still exists. This can be exemplified, for instance, in the healthcare industry where men tend to lead the way in respect of the top positions. However, this is not reflected in the overall political gender balance. The role of men and women in the home however, has changed significantly over the past few decades with more men sharing child care and household chores.
Children are required by law to attend education from the age of six until sixteen. It is permissible for children to be home-schooled although this must be in accordance with government guidelines. Traditionally infant care has mainly been the province of the mother in the family but with more women entering the workplace, there has been a rise in the provision of infant day care services. Childrearing centres around teaching children appropriate social norms and controlling behaviour.
Although parents are permitted to use physical means to discipline a child, which can include spanking, the use of an implement or striking a child in anger or retaliation is not considered reasonable under Canadian law.
Children under the age of twelve cannot be charged with a criminal offence although parents can be made financially responsible of their behaviour.
With increasing ethnic diversity, there are many areas of parenting that come into the political forum for discussion such as arranged marriage, circumcision and religious schooling. It produces and exports numerous commodities including natural forest products, manufactured items including automobiles, oil and minerals. Canada has a rich agricultural and farming heritage producing food and animal products. Traditionally most families have three meals a day which includes breakfast, lunch and the main meal of the day dinner which is eaten in the evening.
Canada has a large and diverse ethnic population spread across the nation so that there are significant variations of traditional meals and foods. Popular foods in Canada include: Maple syrup is also a great favourite along with doughnuts, butter tarts and pancakes.
There is no given standard for literary tradition in Canada as its British roots lean towards English literature. There are a number of government funded art galleries in most provinces and Canada has produced artists in all media.
There are also a numerous smaller galleries and cooperatives offering support to new artists. In the performing arts, Canada has many theatres throughout the country; particularly in the larger cities. The nature of theatre varies from musical to small community based companies. There are several companies specialising in English literature including the Stratford Shakespeare Festival and the Shaw Festival which takes place on a yearly basis and is based in Ontario.
Last names and appropriate titles should be used until otherwise invited to be less formal. In Quebec it is usual to kiss once on each cheek as they do in France. Canadian businesspeople often begin relationships in a reserved manner which may become less formal once people are more familiar with one another. Canadians appreciate politeness and expect others to adhere to the proper protocol for any given situation.
Shake hands with everyone at the meeting upon arrival and departure. Maintain eye contact while shaking hands. Men may offer their hand to a woman without waiting for her to extend hers first. It is difficult to specify any national trait in terms of communication in Canada due to its regionalism and cultural diversity. However, there are some basic communication styles that are fairly standard across the country.
For example, businesspeople are generally polite, easy-going and somewhat informal. In general, communication is moderately indirect perhaps reflecting an amalgamation of both North American and British tendencies.
Although most Canadians can disagree openly when necessary, they prefer to do so with tact and diplomacy. Their communication style is essentially pragmatic and relies on common sense. If you come from a culture where communication is very direct, you may wish to relax your demeanour and tone so as not to appear threatening. Communication styles vary most between Anglophone and Francophone parts of the country. Francophones are generally more indirect than Anglophones, although less so than the French.
They also tend to be more exuberant than Anglophones. Food can carry disease, such as E. Plants and plant products can carry invasive alien species, such as the Asian Long-Horned Beetle. Animals and animal products can carry diseases, such as avian influenza and foot-and-mouth disease.
Because of these risks, the Government of Canada regulates the import and export of controlled food, plants, animals and related products to and from Canada. The food, plant and animal-related threats that pose a risk to Canada are constantly changing.
AIRS is an automated reference tool that uses a question and answer approach to guide you through a series of questions about the Harmonized System HS Code, origin, destination, end use and miscellaneous qualifiers of the product you wish to import. Parts or derivatives of endangered species can be found in many common souvenirs such as clothing, jewellery, musical instruments, herbal or traditional medicines, cosmetic creams or food products.
Souvenirs made from endangered animals and plants may be freely sold in the country you are visiting. The fact that they are available does not mean that they can be legally bought or sold, or brought across the border. It is your responsibility to know if you are importing restricted wildlife species plants and animals, and their derivatives — check the CITES Species List , and follow all of the requirements to legally transport them.
You may also consult Endangered Species and the International Traveller. While you are outside Canada, you can send gifts free of duty and taxes to friends at home in Canada under certain conditions. It is always a good idea to include a gift card to avoid any misunderstanding.
Gifts you send from outside Canada do not count as part of your personal exemption, but gifts you bring back in your personal baggage do and are treated like any other purchases.
Because jewellery is often very valuable and can be difficult to identify, you should travel with as little as possible. Take the following steps before you leave Canada. It will make it easier for you to re-enter the country with jewellery:. In most cases, you have to pay regular duty and taxes on prizes and awards you receive outside Canada.
Prizes can be declared as part of your personal exemption and duty and taxes must be paid on any excess amount. Non-resalable prizes such as medals, trophies or plaques are generally duty- and tax-free. For more information, call the Border Information Service at within Canada.
TTY is also available within Canada at From outside Canada, call or The importation of certain goods is restricted in Canada. Here are some examples of these goods. Make sure you have the information you require before attempting to import these items into Canada. Some antiques or cultural objects considered to have historical significance to their country of origin cannot be brought into Canada without the appropriate export permits.
Before you import such items, you should contact Canadian Heritage:. You must have written authorization and permits to bring explosives, fireworks and certain types of ammunition into Canada.
Canada and United States are two of the largest countries in the world. They are friendly neighbor states and share a large border. The worlds largest waterfall, Niagara Falls, is also on the border of the two countries. While both countries are democracies, their style of government is different.
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Canada and the United States of America. Ethnic and Cultural Differences. Comparisons. Canada. List Question. The United States of America. What are some cultural differences between Canadians and Americans? Update Cancel. Answer Wiki. + Answers. Karen Fischer, Karen Fischer is Small Business What are some cultural differences. What you can bring home to Canada When you return to Canada from a foreign country, you may qualify for a personal exemption. This allows you to bring goods of a certain value into the country without paying regular duty and taxes.
US customs will not bother with parcels under $ shipped to the US from Canada, under section The parcel will arrive at the customer door, with no duty, taxes or brokerage fee. Shipping from the USA to Canada, Canada customs will not clear the parcel if the value is over $20, without collecting the HST, duty (if applicable) and . Geographic and climate differences are rather obvious. There is more cold arctic air in Canada, and the US has portions that extend close enough to the equator to be considered subtropical. This is also the reason for difference in national pastimes, as winter sports are more traditional in Canada.