The main body of an APA paper depends on its type and the assignment guidelines. Always include a title page, abstract, introduction, conclusion, and reference page. All APA papers are written in the same writing style, general format, and citation format, though some of the sections included in each individual paper may differ as seen with the literature review.
List the title and running head, author and affiliated organization in your title page. A page header is also required and should be inserted at the top left of the page with the page number at the top right of the page. In the center of your title page, your title should appear in upper and lowercase letters.
It is recommended that your title be no more than 12 words in length, though it may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page and throughout your paper should be double-spaced. This tells the reader where the research was conducted. Summarize your key points and main ideas in the abstract, using clear and concise words.
An abstract is a concise summary of the key points of your research and introduces the thesis statement. Abstracts are not always necessary but are recommended by APA guidelines. They provide the reader with a first look and gain understanding of what they are about to read. The abstract should contain at least your research topic, research question s , purpose, and conclusions. Experimental reports will also include the participants, methods, results, scope, and recommendations.
Your abstract should be a single paragraph of words, double-spaced, and should not be indented. This will help researchers find your work if it ends up catalogues in a database.
Use the introduction to familiarize audiences with the topic and purpose of your research. The introduction is the first paragraph of your paper and appears right below the title and does not need a heading of its own. The title should be typed in upper and lowercase letters, centered, and in plain font. Indent and begin your introduction right below the title. Introductions also provide a summary of the information and guides your audience in understanding what comes next.
Answering these questions will help to ensure you have included all of the relevant information in your introduction:. These questions only help guide your structure and items to include in the introduction. When writing an experimental report, you will also want to include basic information about your participants, methods, results, and data analysis in the introduction.
Structure the main body according to key points, evidence, and discussion on each point. The main body will begin on the next line right below the introduction. Use H1 heading tags. Be sure to label each section of your paper using the proper heading style. Change the preset color value to black. Divide methods and results into separate sections to clarify your process and outcome. The methods section will discuss how you conducted your research.
This is where you will walk your readers through the procedures and methodology as if they were part of the experiment. Include the participants, apparatus and materials, and the procedure. Explain your independent, dependent, and control variables. Remind readers of your hypothesis and research questions. Provide statistics to support your results and elaborate or qualify the overall conclusion and your data analysis.
Discuss the results and importance, and summarize it in the conclusion paragraphs. Do not use H4 headings in APA style unless you use them as headers for tables, graphs, images, etc. Use the conclusion and discussion to interpret your findings, evaluate your hypotheses and research questions, explore unexpected results, and relate your findings to the prior literature on your topic.
A good conclusion section moves from specific to general. It concludes your paper, tying your results together with the overall story your paper is trying to tell. Every APA paper requires a list of references.
Your references should appear on their own page. Each new reference will begin on a new line with the first line of text aligned to the left of the page and the subsequent lines indented. They also include the year of publication, title of work, publisher, and location. Capital letter also for subtitle. This is only an example for hardcopy print books. APA also has specific reference requirements for electronic sources, poetry, periodicals, and other commonly used sources.
Refer to the current APA style guide for more listings. Appendices are used to provide supplemental information, complex charts and tables, or explain difficult data. These may include mathematical proofs, lists of words, questionnaires, or a detailed description of an apparatus used in your research. Each distinct item has its own appendix and thus appears on its own page after the references. If your paper only has one appendix, label it "Appendix. Appendix A, Appendix B, etc.
The running head and page numbers should continue on these pages. Tables show data you collected in an easy-to-read format. You do not need to present all your data in tables. Only include use tables when dealing with large amounts of data that would be too complicated or distracting in the text. Each table should appear on its own page and identified by a number. Use H4 headers for this information. Only mention the most important pieces of information from the table.
Be sure to explain all abbreviations and identify the units of measurement. Running head and page number should appear at the top of each page. Cite all outside information and quotes using APA in-paragraph author-date format. When quoting or referring to an outside source in the text of your paper use in-text citations. Page numbers are required for direct quotations, but not when paraphrasing or summarizing information.
Direct quotes of less than 40 words can appear within the normal flow of the text, but quotes longer than 40 words should be formatted using block quotes and no quotation marks. Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help.
Limit your use of block quotes. You want to show the audience you analyzed sources and made your own conclusions. APA papers follow a very specific writing style, format, and citation style, which can be difficult to grasp at first.
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Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay. In-text references are used instead of footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an author, a year of publication and a page number if possible. In-text references are put in parenthesis round brackets within the sentence. Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format Author, year or Author, year, page.
But there may be variations:. If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint — you are referring to the whole book and should use Author, year format.
Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt Thomas, If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference. If the author or the year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again.
With Lawrence in Arabia was published in Thomas. Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to the book of Lowell Thomas If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at least in the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for others.
Morris, Raskin, — first in-text reference. In case of no author. In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the APA essay format.
Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the need. Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order.
This gives an organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list.
As certain requirements differ for each type of source:. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID — in the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below.
Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories.
In the APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately. APA essay format has 5 levels of headings, and each level has specific requirements. If your quote is longer than 40 words, you need to make a block quotation. List your sources alphabetically according to the last name of the author. Use a hanging indent. This section should include sources that you actually read and cited in your work. Remember that you should make an entry for every article or other scholarly sources that you mention or refer to in your document to avoid plagiarism.
Use this easy checklist for formatting your APA projects. Follow these steps to ensure that all APA papers you have to complete are written and organized to meet the standard. Use this checklist every time you prepare your document for publication or submission. It will help you stay focused. Now you have an idea what you should do to organize the structure of your college project in APA essay format on different topics.
As you see it is time-consuming and requires some practice before you will be able to control the entire process and avoid mistakes in citing sources to avoid plagiarism and ensure that your piece of writing is flawless and deserves a high grade.
The APA Essay Format is a style of writing developed by the American Psychological Association and is generally accepted as one of the standard ways to structure essays and research papers for students in social sciences and business.
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The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. APA Format Research Paper Help. University and college students have to complete piles of writing assignments practically every day. One of the most challenging tasks is to write a research paper.